East Garo Hills district is politically represented as follows:
- In the Indian Parliament by one MP each at the Rajya Sabha & the Lok Sabha.
- In the Meghalaya State Legislative Assembly by three MLAs.
- In the Garo Hills Autonomous District Council by three MDCs.
- In the Rajya Sabha, the district and the State of Meghalaya as a whole, is represented by one MP.
- In the Lok Sabha, the three Assembly Constituencies of the district forms part of one Lok Sabha Constituency, i.e. the 2-Tura Parliamentary Constituency.
- The three Assembly Constituencies in the district are viz. 41-Songsak (ST) AC, 42-Rongjeng (ST) AC & 43-Williamnagar (ST) AC.
- In the Garo Hills Autonomous District Council, three MDCs represent the district from the three GHADC Constituencies, viz. 27-Samandagre, 28-Darugre & 29-Williamnagar GHADC Constituencies.